The Central Asian Energy System (CAES) was designed and built during the Soviet period, when political borders and sovereignty issue were not an obstacle to ensure parallel operation of national energy sectors.
Afghanistan is one of those cases where security, energy and economic development are so closely inter-related. Without any single link of the chain ensuring political stability, economic prosperity and social security in the country would be highly problematic.
Over the past few years China has been ranked at the top of the world’s top energy consumers. China’s total energy consumption increased from 1,470 million tons of coal equivalent (Mtce) in 2000 to 4,260 Mtce in 2014.
Kazakhstan is India’s largest trading partner among the Central Asian states. The cooperation on energy resources and trade of natural resources is an important component of the partnership between India and Kazakhstan.