Iran and P5+1 countries (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, and the United States), after 2 years of negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on July 14, 2015.
It is essential for the oil-rich Kazakhstan to ensure the progressive development of the export capacity in all the major export routes, as well as to secure transportation of oil and petroleum products to domestic markets.
In 2014 and 2015, the trade volumes in terms of tenge of Kazakhstan Stock exchange (KASE) grew with an enormous pace, with annual growth of 45.9% and 97.0% respectively.
In recent years, the environmental situation in China has become a global issue. For decades, China has been focused on the industrial development of the country without any regard to the environment.
During the Soviet Union, Dushanbe and Tashkent used to have the tightest economic cooperation within the Central Asian region.
Depopulation, aging and shrinking number of the working-age population are some of the biggest challenges which Russian labor market face today.
The Central Asian Energy System (CAES) was designed and built during the Soviet period, when political borders and sovereignty issue were not an obstacle to ensure parallel operation of national energy sectors.
The Eurasian region gained special importance after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The region attracts the attention of the great powers with its socio-economic, cultural, political and security aspects and the energy resources it possesses.
Over the last two decades, the banking sector has expanded significantly in the economy of Kazakhstan. The highest development in the banking sector took place in the period between 2000 and 2008 (until 2008 world economic crisis).
As an energy-rich developing country, Kazakhstan is deeply concerned over its ability to provide sufficient energy supply for sustainable economic growth.