Today, highly skilled workers play an essential role in the economic development of especially developing countries. This skilled labor force is the engine of breakthrough innovations that boost the economic growth with new production methods.
Afghanistan has experienced a protracted conflict for almost thirty-five years that hindered its development. Furthermore, over the past five years the country has seen the rise of the armed non-state actors who keep challenging the territorial control of the Government.
The improvement of transportation systems, development of communications, urbanization and growing mobility of population and their social wealth are important factors positively affecting the tourism sector in the world.
The economic development of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR), also known as East Turkestan, which is China's gateway to Eurasia, has significant importance not only for China, but also for the neighboring countries in the region.
Australia, Kazakhstan and Canada possess more than 50% of the world’s uranium deposits. Kazakhstan has the second largest uranium deposits after Australia.
The Paris Agreement on climate change was reached during the United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference held in Paris in December 2015.
In the last thirteen years, academics and policymakers have shown increasing interest in the development of foreign direct investments (FDI). In particular, the positive effect of FDI on economic growth was widely investigated.
With 12 million people migrating to Russia annually the country holds the second most popular migrant magnet destination title after United States (47 million) (UN, 2016).
In his research, Fischer (1996), noted that long run price stability should be the main goal of a central bank, and he stated that there can also be some other goals of a central bank, such as achieving full employment and output growth.
Relations between the Central Asian countries and Russia integrated with each other in many aspects and one of them is labor migration from Central Asia to Russia.