Nowadays, Kazakhstan is among the world’s fastest-growing primary energy source producers and exporters. The energy industry of Kazakhstan includes oil, gas and coal production, and electricity generation.
On December 18, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump presented in detail his administration’s National Security Strategy (NSS). The document that each president has to produce gives the U.S. Congress a guide of the main foreign policy priorities of the administration in charge.
Kazakhstan and the United States have agreed to elevate their relationship to the level of enhanced strategic partnership through engaging in closer political and economic cooperation to the benefit of both nations.
In recent years, China’s overseas high-speed rail (HSR) projects have been of great importance for shaping the country’s new diplomatic strategy, namely, railway diplomacy, which has become a new form of Beijing’s foreign policy along with ping-pong diplomacy, panda diplomacy,
It is essential for the oil-rich Kazakhstan to ensure the progressive development of the export capacity in all the major export routes, as well as to secure transportation of oil and petroleum products to domestic markets.