Due to its geographical location the Republic of Uzbekistan is far away from seaports and international transit routes leading to them. Therefore, since getting its independence in 1991, the country has begun construction of new railways in order to create integral railway system.
İnsanlığın tarihsel gelişim sürecinde kimlik olgusu, siyasi ve sosyo-ekonomik süreçlerin seyrini etkilemede her zaman önemli bir rol oynamıştır. Zamanla kimlik oluşumunda kullanılan modeller ve yaklaşımlar değişmiş ve farklı dönemlerin etkisi altında kalmıştır.
Since gaining independence in 1991 Kyrgyzstan has officially been globalized. The relations of the United States (U.S.) with Central Asia commenced in the early 1990s, entailing diplomatic recognition and opening of embassies. According to the agreement between the governments of the U.S.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union there have been an ongoing competition between the energy generation and irrigation sectors of the upstream and downstream countries in Central Asia. Hence, the downriver countries, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, mainly consume water for agricultur
Over the past few years China has been ranked at the top of the world’s top energy consumers. China’s total energy consumption increased from 1,470 million tons of coal equivalent (Mtce) in 2000 to 4,260 Mtce in 2014.
For a number of years Kazakhstan has seriously been considering a construction of a nuclear power plant (NPP) on its territory. It was not an unexpected development for a country that hosted the BN-350 fast reactor in Aktau (formerly Shevchenko) in western Kazakhstan during the Soviet times.