Executive Summary: Remittance which were sent by migrant workers to their home countries are seen as small amounts that meet the needs of the migrants households. However, these small amounts are three times larger than total foreign aid in 2015.
The financial sector, particularly, the banking sector is a very important factor for economic development, and there is wide range of theoretical and empirical literature emphasizing its importance (Patrick, 1966; Demetriades and Husseina, 1996; Arestis and Demetriades, 1997;
Searching for diversity in investors and routes to export its oil and gas, Kazakhstan has opened its energy sector for further development jointly with foreign oil and gas-producing companies.
The total number of industrial enterprises of China ranks first in the world. Currently, about 3/5 of the labor force working in heavy industry have generated half of the industrial output.[i].
Executive Summary: Every year millions of people migrate to another country with different purposes and due to different circumstances.
Kazakhstan became the fırst Central Asian country which upgraded its relations with the European Union (EU) to a new level of cooperation after signing the Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) on December 21, 2015.
China, with the largest population in the world of over 1.3 billion people, has moved into the second place in the world in terms of the size of its economy. The higher education sector has grown tremendously.
Vietnam became the first trade partner of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) as a result of the ratification of the agreement on free trade zone on April, 29, 2016.
After suspending the Free Trade Agreement with Ukraine from January 1, 2016, Russia imposed a food embargo on Ukraine and blocked the transit of Ukrainian goods heading to Central Asian countries and China.