Afghanistan has experienced a protracted conflict for almost thirty-five years that hindered its development. Furthermore, over the past five years the country has seen the rise of the armed non-state actors who keep challenging the territorial control of the Government. Since the withdrawal of the NATO-led International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF) in 2014, the Afghan authorities have been facing reinforced Taliban terrorist movement that intensified attacks on the northern provinces of the country near the border with the Central Asian republics. As of today, NATO's Resolute Support Mission in Afghanistan, which is ISAF's successor, plans to continue its mandate well after 2016 in order to finalize the transfer of security responsibility to the Afghan National Defence and Security Forces (ANDSF).
Zhulduz Baizakova is a Junior Researcher at the Eurasian Research Institute at H.A.Yassawi Kazakh Turkish International University. She graduated from the Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Department of International Relations.