Physical characteristics of the Caspian Sea basin determine specific features for commercial shipping. Currently merchant marine fleets in the Caspian Sea are represented by different types of vessels such as bulk carriers, oil tankers, barges, road and rail ferries. The majority of ships operating in the Caspian Sea is mixed river-sea navigation vessels, which has relatively small tonnage - 3-5 thousand tons. However, low-tonnage ships could not provide appropriate level of oil cargo transportation, which is the most profitable part of commercial shipment in the Caspian Sea.
Lydiya Parkhomchik (nee Timofeyenko) was born on February 9, 1984 in Zelenodolsk city, located at the territory of the Republic of Tatarstan (Russia). Since 1986 she became resident of the Republic of Kazakhstan.