After the collapse of the Soviet Union, all former Soviet Union countries adopted market economies instead of planned economy. Market economy implies the presence of the private companies, while during the Soviet Union all companies were state-owned. Therefore, the former Soviet Union countries had to carry out privatization programs, by selling state-owned companies to private investors.
In late June 2017, the reports circulated in mass media that Kazakhstan’s military might be deployed in Syria as part of the multilateral mechanism to monitor the ceasefire regime. The news caused a mixed, though mostly negative, reaction among the country’s general public.
On November 15, 2015, the President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, signed a law “On the Compulsory Social Health Insurance”. Based on the law, the country is implementing a compulsory social health insurance system (CSHI) within the framework of the “100 concrete steps” program proposed by the President.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, Russia has undertaken several educational reform measures in order to find the balance between the Soviet legacy and Western model of higher education. Starting from 1992, numerous reforms have been made in the Russian higher education system with the aim of making the tertiary education system more flexible, more variative and less centralized in order to meet demands of the new market system.
In 2015, the number of people who forcibly leave their homes reached to 65.3 million people. Among them, 21.3 million are refugees and 40.8 million of them are relocated within their country. Comparing with 2014 this figure is increased 5.8 million where developed countries host only 5% of them meanwhile 86% of them reside in developing countries.
The Makhachkala seaport was the busiest Russian port in the Caspian basin right up to the recent changes in the oil transportation flows in the region. Until recently, the seaport has accounted for more than a half of the total cargo throughput of Russia’s seaports in the Caspian Sea on average.
For a successful development of an economy, there is a need for vibrant labor mobility, which could secure the balance of labor supply and labor demand. In 2016, according to the Russian Federate State Statistics Service (FSSS), by attracting 12.2 million labor migrants, Russia became the second largest migrant receiving country after the United States (45 million labor migrants).
On March 7, 2017, the Prime Ministers of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) member states held a meeting of the Eurasian Intergovernmental Council in Bishkek in order to discuss prospects to strengthen mutual trade and ways to remove barriers for the development of the internal market of the EEU.
Charity is an urgent and immediate care about those who is in trouble and need help. The concept of philanthropy differs from charity, as it aims to improve the welfare by preventing and solving social problems. If the charity focuses on eliminating the suffering caused by social problems, then it can be mentioned that the philanthropy, which can be broadly defined as the love of humankind, focuses on eliminating social problems.
As one of the main global political and economic actors, the European Union (EU) has a special place in Azerbaijan’s foreign policy, which adheres to a multivector cooperation and partnership. The relationship between the two parties dates back to 1991. These relations are based on the EU-Azerbaijan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (PCA), which was signed in 1996 and came into force in July 1999.