Since President of Uzbekistan Shavkat Mirziyoyev came to power in December 2016, significant social and economic reforms have been undertaken in the country. For instance, the government has created new free economic zones (in Urgut, Gijduvan, Qoqand, and Hazarasp, as well as seven free economic zones of the pharmaceutical sector), improved the legal and economic conditions of running business, and initiated reforms in the tax and education systems.
On September 18, 2017, a day before the opening of the 72nd session of the United Nations (UN) General Assembly (GA), 128 UN member states signed the U.S. drafted political declaration of the 10-point plan for broad reforms of the world body. The document, known as the Political Declaration for UN Reform High Level Event, is intended to demonstrate the member states’ support for the reform initiatives of newly elected UN Secretary-General (SG) Antonio Guterres.
During his working visit to Aktobe city a few days ago, the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev familiarized with the work of several industrial enterprises and summed up: “In Aktobe there is a road to China, railway, gas. There are no such conditions in most cities. You are happy people, prosperity to you.” [i]
The downturn of the oil prices in 2014 produced profound negative effects on the economy of Kazakhstan. The GDP growth in 2015 slowed down to 1.2% for the first time since 2009 and it contracted further in 2016 reaching 1%, which had never happened since 1998. The sudden drop of the oil prices produced an immediate and devastating effect on the currency of Kazakhstan (tenge) since over two thirds of its exports consists of oil and gas products.
On October 6, 2017, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov visited Astana to have consultations with his Kazakh counterpart Kairat Abdrakhmanov. At the joint press conference following the talks, Lavrov stated that the V. Caspian Summit would be hosted by Kazakhstan next year as the heads of states agreed (Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia, 2017).
One of the most important objectives of achieving gender symmetry is ensuring equitable representation of women and men in leadership positions in academic science. In order to understand the current state of progress in gender quality in Kazakhstan’s academic science there is a need to overview the available statistical data.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the new independent Caspian littoral states faced with the necessity to adopt their own strategies towards the development of the coastal territories including energy and transport infrastructure improvement.
In July 2017, Halyk Savings Bank of Kazakhstan (Halyk Bank) officially announced that the bank acquired 96.81% of ordinary shares of Kazkommertsbank (KKB) for two tenge from Kenes Rakishev and the Sovereign Wealth Fund “Samruk-Kazyna”, which owned 86.09% and 10.72% stakes of KKB, respectively (Halykbank, 2017). This acquisition significantly reshaped the country’s banking sector.
According to the latest official report provided by the Committee on Statistics of the Ministry of National Economy of Kazakhstan based on the latest collected data, the population of Kazakhstan exceeded 18 million people by the beginning of June of 2017. Thus, from the beginning of 2017 the population of Kazakhstan increased by 0.54%. The demographic dynamics of Kazakhstan shows a positive trend since 2003.
On March 27, 2017, the heads of governments of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development – GUAM (acronym standing for Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova) member states gathered in Kiev for the first time in almost a decade since its 2008 summit in Batumi, Georgia. The regional grouping was established in 1997 with a long-term goal of integrating into the Euro-Atlantic organizations and counterbalancing the Russian dominance in the Black Sea region.