Within the field of economics, demographics is a very powerful tool for analysis and forecasting. The application of the economic analysis techniques to demographics can provide us with a wide variety of information for purposes ranging from economic market research to economic policy development.
The quality of teacher training, the low status of the profession and the low incomes of teachers are deterrents to the development of school education, Kasim-Zhomart Tokayev, Chairman of the Senate of Kazakhstan, said on Friday during the parliamentary hearings. In his opinion, the government needs to think about how to raise the incomes of teachers whose low status hinders the development of school education.
Maritime transport plays a crucial role in facilitating international trade and boosting economic development. Being placed in an advantageous geographical position, namely, between the Caspian Sea, Persian Gulf and Gulf of Oman, Iran is strongly interested in the expansion of its maritime transportation network benefiting from the transit advantages.
In the early 2000s, in order to reduce the costs of production, a large number of Western companies moved their industrial facilities to regions with an undeveloped market, cheap labor and low industrial costs for environment. In this regard, the countries of the Asia-Pacific region, especially China, which has become the “world’s factory”, perfectly matched the mentioned criteria.
The Syrian Kurds are considered one of the most significant and influential parties of the ongoing conflict in Syria, mostly due to their direct engagement and relative successes in the fight against the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), and resulting support they receive from the major powers, the United States and Russia.
After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the newly independent states of Central Asia have confronted a number of unresolved issues related to the Soviet legacy of Weapon of Mass Destruction (WMD) development programs.
Taking into the fact that the Trans-Eurasian rail cargo is on the rise it is not surprising that regional countries are strongly interested in enhancing their railway network with new routes and new logistics hubs.
Since today we live in the age of globalization and economies, and financial systems of almost all countries are interconnected, social and economic fluctuations in a country can affect other countries. The U.S. is one of the main players in the global economy, and its economy is big enough to have serious effects on world economy. Therefore, most countries pay special attention to the change in the U.S. financial-economic policies.
The demographic situation in Russia has been deteriorating for over two decades between 1992-2012 years number of the population has decreased by 5.2 million people (Rosstat, 2016). Moreover, during 1990-2005 years natural growth of the population was one of the lowest in the world. Starting from 2006 demographic concerns began to attract the attention of Russia’s policymakers where in 2007 comprehensive family support package has been introduced (Besedina et al, 2016).
During the Astana Summit held on June 8, 2017, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) granted full membership status to India and Pakistan. As a result, the SCO now includes four defacto nuclear power states that increase the military and economic potential of the organization. However, it remains to be seen if the expanded size of the organization would have also equal growth performance in its geopolitical influence.