After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the new independent Caspian littoral states faced with the necessity to adopt their own strategies towards the development of the coastal territories including energy and transport infrastructure improvement.
According to the China Geographical Survey, China has successfully mined so-called “flammable ice,” officially known as methane hydrates, in the South China Sea, which is a remarkable event since this is the first case of successful methane extraction from hydrates.
The Northern Sea Route (NSR) is the Russian maritime transportation route in the Arctic. The Northern Sea Route is the shortest sea route connecting the ports of the European part of Russia and the ports of the Far East.
The high-level United Nations (UN) Conference to Support the Implementation of the Sustainable Development Goal 14: conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development, shortly called Ocean Conference, is to be held at the UN Headquart