In 1960s the Aral Sea was the fourth largest sea in the world. However, over the years, the sea has been gradually shrinking, leading to one of the greatest global environmental catastrophes of the desiccation of the Aral Sea.
This paper presents an overview of water management issues and current legislations in Central Asia. Management of available water resources is one of the main issues of the Central Asian states, namely, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
Nowadays, the world energy has entered a new phase of technological development. Combining horizontal drilling with multistage hydraulic fracturing and proppant injection made it possible to start the commercial production of such unconventional sources of hydrocarbons as shale gas.
The Caspian Sea is the largest endorheic body of water with a unique environmental system and abundant natural resources. Therefore, issues arising in the area are crucial to the countries sharing its waters (Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan).
One of the main concerns of the 21st century is a climate change. While some believe that climate change is not going to affect their lives, in the reality, it is a socio-economic issue, and not just an environmental one.