Kazakhstan adheres to the multi-vector cooperation and partnership in foreign policy. The European Union, as one of the main global political economic actors, has a special place in the Kazakhstani multi-vector policy.
The civil war in Syria has created one of the largest migration influxes since WWII where 11 million Syrians left their homes in order to escape from the conflict between the regime and opposition forces.
In March 2017, civil war in Syria will enter its 6th year. During this period, 11 million Syrians flee from their homes where 6.6 million Syrians migrated to different parts of the country while 4.95 million of them seek refuge abroad.
After the escalation of the conflict in Syria in 2011, 4.8 million Syrians have fled to the neighboring countries such as Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Iraq. In addition, 6.6 million people are internally displaced in Syria.
Kazakhstan became the fırst Central Asian country which upgraded its relations with the European Union (EU) to a new level of cooperation after signing the Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) on December 21, 2015.
The Refugee agreement between Turkey and EU has based on the “one in-one out” rule meaning all refugees arriving in Greece through Turkey will be send back to Turkey if their asylum request has been rejected.