The Eurasian region gained special importance after the collapse of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The region attracts the attention of the great powers with its socio-economic, cultural, political and security aspects and the energy resources it possesses.
On 4 December 2016, the Uzbek citizens went to the polls to elect the second President of the country. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who has been the Prime Minister since 2003 and who has been the acting President after Islam Karimov's death on 2 September 2016, won the election.
In more than thirty years of reform and implementation of open economy policies, great changes have taken place in China. With the country’s high engagement with the world, it became obvious that China did not isolate itself from the global developments.
Current geopolitical situation in the Caspian region clearly demonstrates the necessity for searching a mutually acceptable solution regarding both establishment of the new legal status and determination of the regime of use of the Caspian Sea.