Uzbekistan is a country that has a great clout in shaping the dynamics of Central Asian politics given its size, economy and population. Therefore, any changes in its foreign policy are followed closely by the regional states and the major global powers.
On 4 December 2016, the Uzbek citizens went to the polls to elect the second President of the country. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who has been the Prime Minister since 2003 and who has been the acting President after Islam Karimov's death on 2 September 2016, won the election.
The improvement of transportation systems, development of communications, urbanization and growing mobility of population and their social wealth are important factors positively affecting the tourism sector in the world.