The problem of the Caspian Sea militarization started to appear at the beginning of the 21st century. Despite the fact that after the fall of the Soviet Union newly independent states, namely, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan, opposed to the idea of militarization of the Caspian Sea, nowadays Astana, Baku and Ashgabat […]
On April 26, 2015, Kazakhstan held early presidential election which was initiated by the Majilis members of the Assembly of People of Kazakhstan (APK). The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev won a landslide victory in presidential election against the two other candidates by a large margin. According to the Central […]
On 16th April, 2015, the President of Turkey Recep Tayyip Erdogan made an official visit to Kazakhstan with an invitation of President of the Republic of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev. This is the first official visit of Erdogan to Kazakhstan since his election as a resident. Nazarbayev gave a solemn welcoming to […]
The tensions between Iran and Western countries, especially with US started to rise in 2003. Since then, Western countries and US have tried to dismantle the Iran’s nuclear program (INP), insisting that in the framework of the INP, Tehran could conduct studies on nuclear weapons. Despite the fact that Iranian […]
Kazakhstan entered into the Customs Union with Russia and Belarus on July 1, 2011, and this decision played a crucial role in determining the country’s foreign trade policy. On January 1, 2015, the Customs Union transformed into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) implying a greater importance of economic integration and […]
A signing ceremony of an International Agreement on Establishing a new international transport and transit corridor Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Iran – Oman – Qatar was held in Ashgabat on 25th of April, 2011. This agreement is known as “Ashgabat Agreement”.
IV Summit of Heads of Caspian States was held in Astrakhan in Russian Federation in 29 September 2014. In this Summit, considerable issues such as cooperation between the Caspian states, the Caspian legal regime development and preservation of its unique natural habitat and aquatic biological resources were held in detail. […]
Turkey and Azerbaijan have been trying to implement the Southern Gas Corridor Project as an important project which aims to help the region resources to meet with the world market. By an implementation of this Project, Azerbaijan’s gas (from the Caspian Sea) will have the opportunity to reach Italy, Europe. […]
The Caspian Sea is the largest endorheic body of water with a unique environmental system and abundant natural resources. Therefore, issues arising in the area are crucial to the countries sharing its waters (Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan).
Iran’s nuclear program started in the 1950’s. Iran’s first nuclear activities were held by Shah Pahlavi under the “Atoms for Peace” program with the U.S. It has continuously been stated that the program was for peaceful purposes and obtaining nuclear energy. The U.S. and the European countries have continued to support […]