Publication Categories

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Tool for Development in Trade and Sales for Kazakhstan and Its Comparison with the Civil Law

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods shortly known as (CISG) developed by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and signed in Vienna in 1980 which came into force after the ratification of 11 countries in 1988 (, 2019). Currently, 93 countries are […]

Global Trade in Agricultural Products

Agriculture remains one of the strategically important sectors of the world economy. It provides food security and many raw materials for other related industries and manufacturing. In middle and low-income countries employment in agriculture remains high, while in advanced economies it is insignificant. However, differences in productivity between these two […]

Brief Overview of External Migration in Kazakhstan

By the beginning of 2020, the population of Kazakhstan reached 18,632,169, which is 236,602 increase since January 1 of 2019. The natural increase totaled 269,575 whereas the net migration was negative 32,973 people. Hence, the net out-migration in the population in 2019 increased by 13.2% compared to 2018 [Statistics Committee, […]

20 Years since the First Inter-Korean Summit

Korea is a region located in East Asia washed by the Japanese and Yellow seas. This region historically developed as a single state; however, since the middle of the 20th century, one nation of Korea has been divided into two countries with different political and economic systems – Democratic People’s […]

Quarantine Virtual Art

Global pandemic has changed humanity’s daily routine in various ways, mostly introducing negative effects to it. However, there are silver linings even during such times. One of the most unexpected, yet admirable side effects of the coronavirus pandemic is that it has opened the opportunities for enriching people’s lives in […]

Astana Hub: Kazakhstan’s Silicon Valley

Society has drastically changed with the advent and evolution of technology. Colossal opportunities are provided by technology that plays a significant role in people’s everyday lives. Modern-day technology simplified the access to medicine, education, industry and transportation. At the present time people use technology in their life activities just as […]

How do Countries of the Eurasian Economic Union Respond to External Shocks

Members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) has recently experienced economic slowdown and recession due to external shocks such as pandemic and drop in oil prices. Price wars on the global oil market mainly between Russia and Saudi Arabia and pandemic induced demand shock led to the first negative oil […]

The EAEU Development Strategy: Work in Progress

On May 19, 2020, a meeting of the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council was held via videoconference. The focus of the discussions was on the development strategy of the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) until 2025. The summit was held on the eve of the fifth anniversary of the union and against […]

COVID-19 and Its Impact on China’s Belt and Road Initiative: The Case of Central Asia

When, in mid-January 2020, President of China Xi Jinping paid a visit to Myanmar, where he signed agreements on new infrastructure projects, it seemed that nothing could interfere with the Chinese Belt and Road initiative (BRI) [Koh, 2020]. Then, the probability of a global pandemic was low and China was […]

Digital Surveillance Solutions in Central Asian States

The COVID-19 pandemic revealed the importance of digital solutions in our everyday activities and opened new horizons of digitalization. The total quarantine regime boosted the importance of monitoring technologies, which subsequently enhanced opportunities for providers of digital infrastructure. The Central Asian states, in accordance with the global practice, have also […]