Publication Categories

Kazakhstan’s Trade with Central Asian Countries

Kazakhstan entered into the Customs Union with Russia and Belarus on July 1, 2011, and this decision played a crucial role in determining the country’s foreign trade policy. On January 1, 2015, the Customs Union transformed into the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU) implying a greater importance of economic integration and […]


Kazakhstan-Uzbekistan-Turkmenistan-Iran-Oman International Transport and Transit Corridor

A signing ceremony of an International Agreement on Establishing a new international transport and transit corridor Uzbekistan – Turkmenistan – Iran – Oman – Qatar was held in Ashgabat on 25th of April, 2011. This agreement is known as “Ashgabat Agreement”.  


Energy Security In Caspian Region: In The Context Of International Law

IV Summit of Heads of Caspian States was held in Astrakhan in Russian Federation in 29 September 2014. In this Summit, considerable issues such as cooperation between the Caspian states, the Caspian legal regime development and preservation of its unique natural habitat and aquatic biological resources were held in detail. […]


Southern Gas Corridor: A New Step For The Eu’s Energy Supply

Turkey and Azerbaijan have been trying to implement the Southern Gas Corridor Project as an important project which aims to help the region resources to meet with the world market. By an implementation of this Project, Azerbaijan’s gas (from the Caspian Sea) will have the opportunity to reach Italy, Europe. […]


Environmental Issues of the Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is the largest endorheic body of water with a unique environmental system and abundant natural resources. Therefore, issues arising in the area are crucial to the countries sharing its waters (Russia, Iran, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan).  


Iran’s Nuclear Program: Past And Present

Iran’s nuclear program started in the 1950’s. Iran’s first nuclear activities were held by Shah Pahlavi under the “Atoms for Peace” program with the U.S. It has continuously been stated that the program was for peaceful purposes and obtaining nuclear energy. The U.S. and the European countries have continued to support […]


Small-And-Medium-sized-Enterprises-In-Kazakhstan:-General-Overview

One of the most distinct features that still determines the economic and social landscape of Kazakhstan and other Post-Communist States is the relatively small and underdeveloped private sector, which is supposed to be one of the most essential driving forces of the modern competitive market economy. A strong and competitive […]


Migration And Remittance: New Rules In Russian Labor And Immigration Law

As of January 1, 2015, Russia has introduced several laws in migration legislation, which would hit hard the Central Asian labor migrants, especially Tajiks and Uzbeks. Since Russia is the main destination country for the most of the Central Asian migrants, tightening the rules of entering and applying for a […]


The New Stage Of Integration Processes In Eurasia: The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Project

In a short period, Turkey and the Republic of Azerbaijan have strengthened their bilateral relations and created opportunities for development of regional transport infrastructure. Recently, these countries have achieved a successful process in transportation by constructing the Baku-Tbilisi- Kars railway planned to be completed in 2015. After putting the Baku-Tbilisi- […]


New Social Package For Oralmandar

There is a new social benefits package for ethnic repatriates “Oralmandar” (word ‘oralman’ is a translation of the word “repatriate” into Kazakh and –dar is the plural suffix) waiting for approval in the lower chamber of Parliament Majilis. The new package includes a number of benefits to encourage oralmandar to […]