Publication Categories

Turkey’s Public Diplomacy Activities in Kazakhstan

Nowadays, along with hard power, countries actively use soft power in their foreign policy. As it is known, hard power is based on the use of military, economic or political force. The concept of soft power, which was first introduced by Joseph Nye in 2004, is used as an alternative […]


The Iranıan Nuclear Deal: Recent Developments

In early January 2020, following a U.S. airstrike that killed Iranian Major General Qasem Soleimani, the head of the Islamic Revolutionary Corps’ expeditionary Quds Force, the confrontation between Washington and Tehran seriously escalated bringing the world to the brink of war.   2 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры


The U.S.-China Trade Agreement: Temporary or Permanent?

On January 15, 2020, U.S. President Donald Trump and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He signed the U.S.-China Trade Agreement in Washington. The 96-page agreement consists in total of eight chapters and covers is-sues such as intellectual property rights, technology transfer, trade in food and agricultural products, financial services, macro-economic policies, […]


Analysis of Trends in Turkey’s Export Structure in Recent Years

As of 2018, the global trade volume reached $19.67 trillion where 10 major economies amounts to 53.3% of the total trade, and the share of developing countries are equal to 44%.   1 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры


Achievements and Shortcomings in Translating Kazakh Literature into Foreign Languages

Literature is a great tool that shows rich culture and spirituality of the people to the world com-munity. However, since the independence of Kazakhstan, the issue of translation and printing of literary works in the Kazakh language has not received much attention. On the one hand, it was caused by […]


New Education Models: Cooperative Universities

Education, being a key industry in ensuring the development of society, remains an area of the constant search for alternative models and new technologies, some-times moving away from classical versions for the sake of a dramatic increase in its efficiency in achieving results.   5 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme […]


The Global Terrorism Index and Central Asia

Terrorism nowadays remains one of the major global threats representing a security risk to every single country. Since 2000, the Institute for Economics and Peace has been publishing the Global Terrorism Index (GTI) report, which analyzes the data from 1970 to the present to assess the impact of terrorism and […]


Russia’s Pivot to Africa

In October 2019, the first Russia-Africa summit was held in the Russian resort city of Sochi, chaired by the presidents of Russia and Egypt, Vladimir Putin and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the latter in his capacity of the current chair of the African Union. In total, 43 heads of state and […]


China’s Arctic Policy and Polar Silk Road

In recent years, China has been actively pursuing a policy of strengthening its naval position. The dynamically growing economic and diplomatic influence of China can be detected in nearly every maritime region of the world.   3 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры


Transport Potential of ECO Region

Developed and developing countries, in addition to taking part in international integration initiatives, strive for creating regional unions among themselves. One such regional structure is the Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), which focuses on contributing to the development of its member states, removing trade barriers within the ECO region, improving intra-regional […]