Finance

April 11, 2021

Turkey’s Foreign Trade Policy and Dynamics

International trade plays an important role in Turkey’s economy. Export remains a significant source of revenue for the country. Turkey is an important supplier of agricultural, manufacturing and technological products to the global market. Therefore, this commentary aims to analyze the dynamics of Turkey’s foreign trade, show its key trade […]
March 13, 2021

Synopsis on the finalized negotiations of the EU-China Comprehensive Agreement on Investment

On December 30, 2020, the European Union (EU) and China marked a new level of engagement with the completion of negotiations on the Comprehensive Agreement on Investment (CAI). As agreed during the joint virtual conference between the heads of member states, once signed and ratified, the CAI is expected to […]
February 19, 2021

Analysis of the Global Wheat Market

Agriculture plays an important role in the global economy. Its functions are broad and include provision of food security, triggering of economic and industrial growth, poverty reduction, narrowing of income disparities, delivery of environmental services and structural transformations [Byerlee et al., 2009]. In the period of economic and political shocks, […]
January 17, 2021

Horizons of Oil Era in Light of the COVID-19 Crisis

One of the largest economic shocks that have marked 2020 was the tremendous decline of oil prices that broke the minimums of 2016 and reached the levels of 2003 [Markets.businessinsider.com, 2020]. In 2020, the estimated oil demand dropped by unprecedented 9.7% compared to 2019 [OPEC, 2020]. Strict quarantine measures, as […]
January 7, 2021

The Risks of Corruption: The Case of Central Asia

Corruption remains one of the main threats for global development as it persists in the majority of countries. It is a major challenge not only for developing states, but also for the advanced ones. Data shows that annual costs of corruption, bribery, theft and tax evasion, and other illicit financial […]
October 25, 2020

Financial Challenges for Higher Education

The coronavirus pandemic has drastically changed the world. Higher education has been one of the most affected spheres so far. While some see the pandemic as a chance for a revolution long-awaited in the academic sphere, others focus their attention on immediate challenges and threats it has brought with it […]
October 25, 2020

The Causes of Child Labor in Bangladesh

Participation of children in activities such as helping their parents at home, assisting them at work, and earning pocket money during school holidays is considered to have a positive contribution to the acquisition of children’s skills and experience and to help them to be productive in society in adulthood. However, […]
October 25, 2020

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods: A Tool for Development in Trade and Sales for Kazakhstan and Its Comparison with the Civil Law

United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods shortly known as (CISG) developed by the United Nations Commission on International Trade Law (UNCITRAL) and signed in Vienna in 1980 which came into force after the ratification of 11 countries in 1988 (UNCITRAL.org, 2019). Currently, 93 countries are […]
October 25, 2020

Global Trade in Agricultural Products

Agriculture remains one of the strategically important sectors of the world economy. It provides food security and many raw materials for other related industries and manufacturing. In middle and low-income countries employment in agriculture remains high, while in advanced economies it is insignificant. However, differences in productivity between these two […]
September 8, 2020

Geopolitics versus Technology: The Case of Huawei

During the traditional Munich Security Conference in February 2020, the U.S. delegation widely publicized the security risk arising from the Chinese telecommunications company Huawei’s 5G technology. In addition, the enduring global campaign of the United States to boycott Huawei during the last three years has been widely discussed at almost […]