Foreign Policy

October 24, 2020

Positive Neutrality Based on Gas Exports: Overview of Turkmenistan’s Foreign Policy

Turkmenistan, under its first president Saparmurat Niyazov, proclaimed its permanent neutrality status on December 12, 1995, when the UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution on the issue, which was backed by a relevant constitutional law. Since then, the doctrine of ‘positive neutrality’ has become the basis of the country’s […]
July 11, 2020

Main Trends in Kazakhstan’s Foreign Policy in 2018

The end of a calendar year is always a time when results and achievements of an outgoing year are summarized and assessed. This article attempts to highlight important events for Kazakh diplomacy in 2018 and strives to understand what the country’s foreign policy has lost or gained. The first notable […]
March 30, 2020

Current Developments and Trends in Migration Flows to Europe

The civil war in Syria in its ninth year has forced 13 million Syrians forced to leave their homes. Among them 6 million of them relocated within the country and 5,5 million seek refuge abroad. Turkey with its open door policy has received 3,58 million Syrians up until now. In […]
February 24, 2020

A Conceptual Discussion on “Descendant” And “Relative Communities” in Turkish Foreign Policy

Turkey, with historical roots dating back to Asia’s vast steppe, is the successor of the Ottoman Empire extended across the Balkans, Middle East, and Africa. Today, Turkey remains associated in the context of cultural and social relations and citizenship bonds with almost all nations and communities that were part of […]
February 10, 2020

The Iranıan Nuclear Deal: Recent Developments

In early January 2020, following a U.S. airstrike that killed Iranian Major General Qasem Soleimani, the head of the Islamic Revolutionary Corps’ expeditionary Quds Force, the confrontation between Washington and Tehran seriously escalated bringing the world to the brink of war.   10 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры
January 17, 2020

Russia’s Pivot to Africa

In October 2019, the first Russia-Africa summit was held in the Russian resort city of Sochi, chaired by the presidents of Russia and Egypt, Vladimir Putin and Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, the latter in his capacity of the current chair of the African Union. In total, 43 heads of state and […]
January 10, 2020

China’s Arctic Policy and Polar Silk Road

In recent years, China has been actively pursuing a policy of strengthening its naval position. The dynamically growing economic and diplomatic influence of China can be detected in nearly every maritime region of the world.   17 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры
November 1, 2019

Key Directions of Tajikistan’s Current Foreign Policy

Central Asia is undergoing significant changes in terms of international relations. The leader-ship changes in the region that may lead to the transformation in regional dynamics coupled with the shift of interest of major powers to-wards the East, especially to Central Asia, are examples of this.   13 Views / […]
October 15, 2019

Eurasian Vector of President Tokayev’s Foreign Visits

In the autumn of 2019, President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev was busy with foreign visits. Following the visits to China and the United States in September, he participated in the Supreme Eurasian Economic Council in Yerevan on October 1, in the plenary session of the Valdai International Discussion Club in […]
October 3, 2019

New EU Leadership: Implications for the European Refugee Crisis

One of the largest forced migration crises in this century has entered its ninth year without seeing a light at the end of the tunnel for peace and stability in Syria. Since 2011, 13 million people have been forced to migrate, including around 6.6 million people who relocated to the […]