International Relations

November 17, 2020

Iran-China Relations within the Framework of A Possible New 25-Year Agreement

Iran’s Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif announced in July 2020 that they were negotiating on a deal with China that represented as 25-year strategic agreement. Although the details of this agreement is not disclosed to public but according to news circulating in media this deal includes mainly economic and energy […]
November 5, 2020

European Union – China Cooperation: Values versus Trade

On September 14, 2020, German Chancellor Angela Merkel, European Council President Charles Michel, and European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen conducted negotiations with Chinese President Xi Jinping via video conference. This high-level online meeting took place instead of a summit to be held in Leipzig, where the leaders of […]
October 25, 2020

Australia, India, and Indonesia: The Likelihood of a New “Union” in the Indo-Pacific Region

In recent years, uncertainty has grown in the Indo-Pacific region associated with the declining role of the United States and the growing ambitions of China. These circumstances demonstrate the limitations of the existing bilateral and multilateral security mechanisms, which have long been under the U.S. security “umbrella”. At the same […]
August 31, 2020

Kazakh Diaspora in Iran and the Nurly Kosh Program

The Kazakh diasporas in the world were formed as a result of many historical events. Throughout the history of Kazakhstan, Kazakhs left their homeland for other countries only in exceptional circumstances – as a result of political, economic, and religious oppression, rebellions and wars, genocide and famine, particularly, in the […]
July 20, 2020

Evaluation of the New China-Kyrgyzstan-Uzbekistan Transport Corridor

While transportation services are experiencing enormous difficulties all over the world due to the coronavirus pandemic, China opened a new transport corridor to Uzbekistan through Kyrgyzstan. On June 5, 2020, the train loaded with cargo containers departed from the city of Lanzhou, the capital of the Gansu province, to the […]
July 13, 2020

Historical and Intellectual Basis of International Student Mobility

Traveling abroad for education and training purposes is the result of the internationalization of education, in other words, the spread of international educational activities. Even though the history of the internationalization of education within the scope of edification and missionary activities dates back to ancient times, from the methodological standpoint, […]
July 12, 2020

UN Population Prospects: Case of Central Asia

  According to the UN World Population Prospects report published on June 17, 2019, the world’s population is expected to increase by 2 billion people within the next 30 years, from current 7.7 billion to 9.7 billion in 2050. By the end of the 21st century, the world population is likely […]
July 11, 2020

GUAM: Still Relevant Regional Actor?

On March 27, 2017, the heads of governments of the Organization for Democracy and Economic Development – GUAM (acronym standing for Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan and Moldova) member states gathered in Kiev for the first time in almost a decade since its 2008 summit in Batumi, Georgia. The regional grouping was […]
July 11, 2020

Recent Developments in the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway Project

Taking into the fact that the Trans-Eurasian rail cargo is on the rise it is not surprising that regional countries are strongly interested in enhancing their railway network with new routes and new logistics hubs. Increasing competitiveness of the East-West international transport corridors that create an integrated freight railway network […]
July 11, 2020

Current Developments in a Dispute over the Legal Status of the Caspian Sea

It is widely known that nowadays the littoral states of the Caspian region have moved far away from the legal-theoretical dilemma of whether the Caspian is a sea or a lake in a legal sense (Janusz-Pawletta, 2015). The countries bordering the Caspian Sea are trying to regulate all aspects of […]