Among the Central Asian countries, Turkmenistan has grown significantly due to the high amount of natural resources, mainly hydrocarbons. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, having great natural gas deposits, Turkmenistan improved its economy by implementing structural reforms.
Due to its geographical location the Republic of Uzbekistan is far away from seaports and international transit routes leading to them. Therefore, since getting its independence in 1991, the country has begun construction of new railways in order to create integral railway system.
Kazakhstan, a country in the heart of Eurasia, has a potential to become a key country to connect transcontinental routes between Europe and Asia.
Central Asian countries’ electric power sectors were initially designed during the Soviet Union to operate within a unified Central Asian Power System (CAPS).
İnsanlığın tarihsel gelişim sürecinde kimlik olgusu, siyasi ve sosyo-ekonomik süreçlerin seyrini etkilemede her zaman önemli bir rol oynamıştır. Zamanla kimlik oluşumunda kullanılan modeller ve yaklaşımlar değişmiş ve farklı dönemlerin etkisi altında kalmıştır.
Since gaining independence in 1991 Kyrgyzstan has officially been globalized. The relations of the United States (U.S.) with Central Asia commenced in the early 1990s, entailing diplomatic recognition and opening of embassies. According to the agreement between the governments of the U.S.
Successful eastern enlargement brings the borders of the European Union (EU) close to the Post-Soviet countries, namely, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Armenia and Moldova.
Since the collapse of the Soviet Union there have been an ongoing competition between the energy generation and irrigation sectors of the upstream and downstream countries in Central Asia. Hence, the downriver countries, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan, mainly consume water for agricultur
Over the past few years China has been ranked at the top of the world’s top energy consumers. China’s total energy consumption increased from 1,470 million tons of coal equivalent (Mtce) in 2000 to 4,260 Mtce in 2014.