Publication Categories

Enhancing the Capacity of the Korday-Ak Zhol Checkpoint: Implications for Bilateral Cooperation

On April 2, 2021, the major border checkpoint at Kazakh-Kyrgyz international boundary – the Korday-Ak Zhol was opened after renovation by Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin and Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan Ulukbek Maripov. During the opening ceremony, which was part of the ninth meeting of the intergovernmental council, counterparts […]


Mutual Effects of Climate Change and Agriculture

Climate change remains one of the most important challenges and threats for humanity. It has substantial economic costs. Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are externalities and represent the biggest market failure the world has seen [Stern, 2008].  Negative impacts of climate change vary across different sectors. Agriculture remains one of the […]


Prospects and Problems of the Kashagan Field

The Kashagan offshore oil and natural gas field is one of the largest and most operationally difficult field in the northern part of the Caspian Sea, which spans to an are of 75 kilometre (km) by 45 km, with 36.6 billion barrels of oil and 1 trillion cubic meters of […]


Kazakhstan Deals With the Impact of the Covid-19 Pandemic on Migration

Today, after more than a year since the declaration of global pandemic around mid-March 2020, we are finally able to contemplate its tremendous impact on all spheres of life, most of which could now be examined in a new light, as various local and global statistical data and analyses for […]


The Commonwealth of Independent States and Three Decades of Regional Cooperation in the Post-Soviet Space

December 2021 will mark 30 years since the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) was founded. The “Agreement Establishing the Commonwealth of Independent States” signed by the leaders of the Byelorussian SSR, the Russian SFSR, and the Ukrainian SSR on December 8, 1991, gave birth to the organization [Prlib.ru, 1991]. On […]


Quality Elites are also needed

The prosperity of nations was always a question of an immense importance and the foundations of it have been researched extensively since the very creation of states. There were various schools of thoughts proposing numerous factors as the true sources of prosperity of states. Nowadays, institutional theory is one of […]


Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process

“Heart of Asia – Istanbul Process” (HoA-IP) is a joint initiative of Afghanistan and Turkey, announced 10 years ago at the 2011 conference in Istanbul. This initiative is aimed at strengthening regional security, economic and political cooperation with Afghanistan through dialogue and confidence-building measures. Within the framework of this joint […]


Changing Configuration of the Global Democracy: A Brief Analysis of the Democracy Index Report

Apart from the COVID-19 pandemic, the year 2020 has been marked by an unprecedented decline of democracy in the world. The latest issue of the Democracy Index by the Economist Intelligence Unit registers the lowest score of the global democracy (5.37) recorded since the index began in 2006. According to […]


Quad’s Endeavors for a Free and Open Indo-Pacific

On March 12, 2021, the first summit meeting of the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, known as Quad, for the first time had united all four national leaders of the group since its creation in 2007. By gathering leaders of the United States, Japan, Australia, and India, the meeting anticipated becoming an […]


Gender Assessment in Central Asia

We are used to thinking of the modern world as an increasingly democratic, tolerant, and liberal space. Yet this is not always the case as it is demonstrated by some studies, such as the Global Democracy Index. One of the issues still prevalent in the world is a gender equality […]