In 1960s the Aral Sea was the fourth largest sea in the world. However, over the years, the sea has been gradually shrinking, leading to one of the greatest global environmental catastrophes of the desiccation of the Aral Sea.
The elections to the sixth Parliament of Kazakhstan, namely, to the Lower Chamber of the Parliament (Majilis), was held on March 20, 2016.
Located on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea, the Aktau International Sea Trade Port is the only maritime gate of the land-locked Kazakhstan enabling transportation of dry cargoes, grain, crude oil and petroleum products by sea.
Among the Central Asian countries, Turkmenistan has grown significantly due to the high amount of natural resources, mainly hydrocarbons. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, having great natural gas deposits, Turkmenistan improved its economy by implementing structural reforms.
Due to its geographical location the Republic of Uzbekistan is far away from seaports and international transit routes leading to them. Therefore, since getting its independence in 1991, the country has begun construction of new railways in order to create integral railway system.
Kazakhstan, a country in the heart of Eurasia, has a potential to become a key country to connect transcontinental routes between Europe and Asia.
Central Asian countries’ electric power sectors were initially designed during the Soviet Union to operate within a unified Central Asian Power System (CAPS).
İnsanlığın tarihsel gelişim sürecinde kimlik olgusu, siyasi ve sosyo-ekonomik süreçlerin seyrini etkilemede her zaman önemli bir rol oynamıştır. Zamanla kimlik oluşumunda kullanılan modeller ve yaklaşımlar değişmiş ve farklı dönemlerin etkisi altında kalmıştır.