Uzbekistan has been developing bilateral relations with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1992 through the North Atlantic Cooperation Council established in December 1991 and renamed as the Euro-Atlantic Partner-ship Council in 1997. In July 1994, Uzbekistan signed a framework document of NATO’s Partnership for Peace (PfP) program, and its PfP membership was activated in August 1995 when Tashkent signed a security agreement with NATO.
It has been more than a year since Shavkat Mirziyoyev came to power in Uzbekistan following the death of its long-standing leader Islam Karimov who ruled the country for nearly 25 years. Mirziyoyev was initially appointed as an interim president, and then, on December 4, 2016, he was elected as the president following a snap presidential election securing 88.6% of votes.
Social media is a series of websites and applications designed to allow people to share content in real time. Despite the prevalence of social media in everyday life, schools and universities have long hesitated to adopt social networks as an education tool. Until recently, many educational institutions prohibited access to social media during classroom time.
The ongoing civil war in Syria has so far forced more than 13 million people to leave their homes looking for safe zones within the country and abroad. Among them, 8 million were relocated within the country, whereas 5.5 million search refuge abroad meaning that almost one-third of Syria’s population had to flee from the country. The majority of them escaped to the neighboring countries like Turkey, Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt, and Iraq.
There is no single commonly accepted definition of Green Economy in politics, media or academic literature. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) defines the green economy as one that leads to the improvement of the economic well-being and social equality, while significantly reducing environmental risks and pressure on the environment.
Since the United States and China are the world’s largest economic powers, in the current international landscape the great importance is attached to their bilateral relations. From this point of view, it could be said that the U.S.-China relations are not limited to bilateral relationship, as they also significantly affect economic, commercial, political and military affairs in the regional and global contexts.
The Eurasian Economic Union (EEU) has gone through some difficult and challenging times before reaching its current stage of development. The Customs Union (CU) and Common Economic Space (CES) between Russia, Belarus and Kazakhstan could be considered as the key elements of the EEU as a regional integration project.
On August 21, 2017, U.S. President Donald Trump announced his strategy towards Afghanistan that outlined the course of the future U.S. involvement in its longest military operation. Among other things, the new strategy envisages a modest expansion in the U.S. troop presence, more pressure on Pakistan to act against the Taliban and, most importantly, a removal of any deadline for the withdrawal of the U.S. troops from the country.
Kazakhstan has been engaged in bilateral relations with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1992, when the country joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) established by the alliance in December 1991 as a forum to discuss and coordinate security issues with its new partners.
Significant income disparities between the regions of Kazakhstan are one of the major problems of Kazakhstan in the context of spatial economics. The issue of interregional disparities is of political relevance since significant public resources are spent to promote regional development in relatively poor regions mainly through transferring excessive resources from wealthier regions.