January 15, 2018

Libraries of the Digital Age: Examples from Kazakhstan

In the age of digital technologies, when information becomes more available on the Internet and traditional libraries lose popularity, many people have doubts about their ability to withstand competition with new information carriers. Surveys of students show that many of them consider paper books archaic, less environmentally friendly than e-books, […]
January 8, 2018

Uzbekistan and NATO: Uneasy Partnership

Uzbekistan has been developing bilateral relations with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1992 through the North Atlantic Cooperation Council established in December 1991 and renamed as the Euro-Atlantic Partner-ship Council in 1997. In July 1994, Uzbekistan signed a framework document of NATO’s Partnership for Peace (PfP) program, and […]
January 8, 2018

One Year of the Mirziyoyev Presidency: What has changed in Uzbekistan?

It has been more than a year since Shavkat Mirziyoyev came to power in Uzbekistan following the death of its long-standing leader Islam Karimov who ruled the country for nearly 25 years. Mirziyoyev was initially appointed as an interim president, and then, on December 4, 2016, he was elected as […]
December 30, 2017

The Impact of Social Media on Education

Social media is a series of websites and applications designed to allow people to share content in real time. Despite the prevalence of social media in everyday life, schools and universities have long hesitated to adopt social networks as an education tool. Until recently, many educational institutions prohibited access to […]
December 21, 2017

Economic Integration Process of Syrian Refugees in Turkey: Labor Aspects

The ongoing civil war in Syria has so far forced more than 13 million people to leave their homes looking for safe zones within the country and abroad. Among them, 8 million were relocated within the country, whereas 5.5 million search refuge abroad meaning that almost one-third of Syria’s population […]
December 15, 2017

Green Economy in Kazakhstan: Opportunities and Challenges

There is no single commonly accepted definition of Green Economy in politics, media or academic literature. The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) defines the green economy as one that leads to the improvement of the economic well-being and social equality, while significantly reducing environmental risks and pressure on the environment. […]
December 8, 2017

Recent Developments in the U.S.-Chinese Relations

Since the United States and China are the world’s largest economic powers, in the current international landscape the great importance is attached to their bilateral relations. From this point of view, it could be said that the U.S.-China relations are not limited to bilateral relationship, as they also significantly affect […]
November 21, 2017


Kazakhstan has been engaged in bilateral relations with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) since 1992, when the country joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) established by the alliance in December 1991 as a forum to discuss and coordinate security issues with its new partners. Kazakhstan’s practical security cooperation […]
November 17, 2017

Understanding Kazakhstan’s Commitment to Promoting the Global Non-Proliferation Regime

At present, the nuclear non-proliferation regime includes five major international tools: the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) signed in 1968; the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA) safeguards system; nuclear export guidelines and associated national controls; nuclear testing prohibition such as the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which […]
November 10, 2017

Recent Exchange Rate Developments in Kazakhstan

In August 2015, the National Bank of Kazakhstan (NBK) adopted the inflation targeting monetary policy regime. Previously, the monetary authority used the fixed exchange rate policy with the national currency, the tenge, pegged to a multicurrency basket with weights 10%, 20% and 70% for the Russian ruble, euro, and the […]