Publication Categories

China-Mongolia-Russia Economic Corridor: Interests of the Parties

On June 24, 2016, during the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Summit in Tashkent, the presidents of China, Mongolia and Russia agreed on the China-Mongolia- Russia Economic Corridor (CMREC), which is an important project of Beijing’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). The project aims at realizing joint projects in areas such […]


President Mirziyoyev’s Pivot to Central Asian Cooperation: Progress Made over Two Years

Uzbekistan, which shares common borders with all the Central Asian states and Afghanistan, has become a key trendsetter in the region during the past two years. Shavkat Mirziyoyev, who came to power after the death of the country’s first president, Islam Karimov, in August 2016 and won the election in […]


Kazakhstan’s Monetary Policy: Analysis of Recent Developments

Monetary policy is one of the main directions of economic policy of any state, which is conducted by an authorized organization, such as a central bank, in or-der to ensure the stability of the economy and the balance of money in circulation. Such a role in our country is performed […]


Cultural Landscape of Modern Cities

The beginning of the 21st century was marked by changes in the approaches and assessment of not only the natural environment but also the cultural landscape. The concept of a cultural landscape refers to a territory that has been transformed by man as a result of the development of human […]


New Migration Flow Trends to Europe

The civil war in Syria has caused one of the greatest migration flows since World War II and forced more than 13 million people to leave their homes. Among them, around 6.6 million have relocated within the country, while over 5.6 million have sought refuge in neighboring countries, with 3.6 […]


Russian Oil Industry on the Verge of Decline

According to the Society of Petroleum Engineers, Russia owns the eight largest oil fields in the world possessing around 5% of the global proven reserves of oil and gas condensate (80 billion barrels). Currently, Russia accounts for 14% of the global oil production with 11 million barrels per day, which […]


China’s New Foreign Policy Approaches

China has become the world’s second largest economy as a result of its sustainable and high economic growth. With its political, economic and military developments over the past few years, China is stepping forward to being a global superpower rather than a gradually rising country. Being the only superpower after […]


Iran-Pakistan-India Gas Pipeline: Implementation Issues

The Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) gas pipeline project was first initiated by Iran in mid-1990s in order to transport the Iranian gas through Pakistan to India. However, the idea itself was first proposed in the late 1950s in a scientific article published by the Military College of Engineering, Pakistan. The idea came […]


Climate Change in Kazakhstan: Consequences and Solutions

For quite a long time, issues related to climate change and its consequences have not received due attention in Kazakhstan, and virtually no fundamental scientific research on the current situation and possible scenarios of its development has been conducted. Although Kazakhstan ratified the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in […]


India’s Interest in Central Asia: New Trends

In recent years, India’s relations with the Central Asian states that date back to antiquity have acquired strategic significance. At present, Delhi considers Central Asia as an “extended neighborhood” and promotes its interests in the region based on deep cultural and promising commercial linkages. Relying upon the Soviet-time strategic arrangement, […]