Publication Categories

Paris Agreement to Enter into Force after the Ratification Double Threshold is Met*

The Paris Agreement on climate change was reached during the United Nations (UN) Climate Change Conference held in Paris in December 2015. According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), temperature rise above the 2 oC limit would have catastrophic and irreversible consequences, such as an increase in natural disasters […]

Evaluation of the Parliamentary Elections to the State Duma in Russia

The 7th legislative elections for the State Duma, which is the Lower House of the Russian Parliament, were held on September 18, 2016. According to the results of the Russian Central Election Commission, 47.82% (namely 52,631,849) of 110,061,200 registered voters participated in the elections and the United Russia Party won […]

Territorial Disputes in the South China Sea: the View from China

The South China Sea disputes involve both island and maritime claims among several sovereign states within the region, namely Brunei, China, Taiwan, Malaysia, Vietnam, and the Philippines. There are disputes about the Paracels and the Spratlys island chains, aswell as maritime boundaries in the Gulf of Tonkin. The South China Sea plays a significant role in the […]

On the Eve of the V Caspian Summit in Astana

Current geopolitical situation in the Caspian region clearly demonstrates the necessity for searching a mutually acceptable solution regarding both establishment of the new legal status and determination of the regime of use of the Caspian Sea. For more than two decades, the littoral countries have been trying to adopt a […]

Foreign Direct Investments in the Economy of Kyrgyzstan

During the last few years, the economy   of Kyrgyzstan has grown due to the significant increase in gold exports and trade with the neighbouring countries. Although the economic recession in Russia led to a decline in the demand for Kyrgyz goods, which caused a reduction in non-gold exports of the […]

Bilateral Economic Cooperation between Japan and Uzbekistan

In the early nineties of the XX century the importance of Central Asian region seemed insignificant for Japan. However, when the Prime Minister of Japan in 1997, Ryutaro Hashimoto, put forward the concept of “Silk Road Diplomacy”, this concept caused significant changes in Japan’s policy in Central Asia. The “Central Asia + Japan” Dialogue initiated in 2004 marked […]

Remittance Inflows to Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan in 2016: Current Trends and Prospects

Russia is an essentially important country for Central Asian migrant workers. Considering the fact that 60% of the remittance to the Central Asian countries is coming from Russia, there is a heavy reliance on the Russian economy by the region countries. In addition, remittance coming from Russia is an essentially […]


Due to the globalization, thriving consumer society, and rapid development of the financial intermediation, consumer lending, which includes unsecured loans lent to individuals, has become a fastgrowing area of the banking services over the past ten years in developing countries, such as Kazakhstan. Moreover, as a result of the world […]

15 July Attempted Coup in Turkey and Fethullah Terror Organization

In recent days, it seems that Gulen Community / Fethullah Terror Organization (FETO) and other terror organizations such as PKK and PYD have been used to damage the stability in Turkey, to separate its citizens deliberately, to betray the trust on democracy and politics and to make the environment in the country open for a possible external intervention. After […]

Evaluation of China’s “Made in China 2025” Strategy

According to the reports of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and other international organizations, China, which has the second largest economy in the world, grew steadily until 2008 with approximately a 10% growth rate. China has become one of the leading economies in the Asia-Pacific region in a short time and achieved to be a new economic […]