Publication Categories

Future of Globalization

Globalization remains one of the frequently discussed issues among economists. There are proponents of this process, arguing for free trade, mobility of capital, people, technologies and ideas with a stronger role of international institutions such as the World Trade Organization.   57 Views / Көрулер / Görüntüleme / Просмотры


Moldova’s Difficult Choice: European or Eurasian Integration

Moldova is one of the members of the Eastern Partnership (EaP) officially launched on May 7, 2009 and consisting of six post-Soviet states (Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine). The EaP is meant to serve as the framework for discussions between the European Union (EU) and its Eastern European […]


Gender and Disarmament: Increasing Women’s Engagement

On October 31, 2000, the United Nations Security Council adopted a landmark resolution that established the Women, Peace and Security agenda. Among other things, Resolution 1325 (2000) reaffirmed the important role of women in the prevention and resolution of conflicts and in peacebuilding, stressing the importance of their equal participation […]


Turkey’s Public Diplomacy Activities in Kyrgyzstan

Public diplomacy methods are becoming increasingly important for states to achieve their goals in line with their foreign policy agendas and strategies. Over the last 10 years, Turkey has also made considerable strides in its international relations, establishing new institutions and restructuring pre-existing ones. In this regard, Turkey’s public diplomacy […]


Social and Cultural Infrastructure of Turkistan Region

The key indicators of the socio-economic development of Kazakhstan affect the living standards of local people in different parts of the country. In this regard, the state of social and cultural infrastructure in the regions has not yet been fully addressed. Accordingly, the measures taken within the scope of the […]


Recent Developments in Exports of Central Asian Countries to China

China, which has invested billions of dollars and provided loans to Central Asia, continues to be one of the most important trading partners of the countries in the region. According to the 2019 data, China is the top trading partner for Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan, the second largest for Kazakhstan, […]


Interaction between Science and Politics: Case of COVID-19

People tend to ask politicians and heads of state about causes of wars and political crises, doctors and scientists – about causes of pandemic outbreaks and climate change, and the Higher Forces – about causes of natural disasters. There are several versions of the emergence of COVID-19, including its artificial […]


Budget System of Uzbekistan: Development Stages and Current Reforms

After gaining independence in 1991, Uzbekistan began to develop and implement its own model of the budget system. Similar to other countries of the world, the  primary task of this system is to ensure the efficient and rational use of public funds based on an appropriate regulatory framework.   81 […]


Current Developments and Trends in Migration Flows to Europe

The civil war in Syria in its ninth year has forced 13 million Syrians forced to leave their homes. Among them 6 million of them relocated within the country and 5,5 million seek refuge abroad. Turkey with its open door policy has received 3,58 million Syrians up until now. In […]


EU-Kazakhstan Relations: Enhanced Partnership in Action

On March 1, 2020, the new Enhanced Partnership and Cooperation Agreement (EPCA) between the European Union (EU) and Kazakhstan came into force. The EPCA became the main document that underpins the EU-Kazakhstan relations, making Kazakhstan the first and only country in Central Asia with the enhanced level of partnership with […]