Turkmenistan

October 24, 2020

Positive Neutrality Based on Gas Exports: Overview of Turkmenistan’s Foreign Policy

Turkmenistan, under its first president Saparmurat Niyazov, proclaimed its permanent neutrality status on December 12, 1995, when the UN General Assembly adopted a special resolution on the issue, which was backed by a relevant constitutional law. Since then, the doctrine of ‘positive neutrality’ has become the basis of the country’s […]
September 26, 2018

Turkmenistan-NATO: Cooperation Unhindered By Neutrality

Ashgabat’s interaction with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) started in March 1992, shortly after the collapse of the Soviet Union, when Turkmenistan, along with other post-Soviet states, joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council, which was later re-named the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC). In July 1992, at the Helsinki Summit […]
October 13, 2017

The Caspian Sea Level Changes: Causes and Consequences

After the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990s, the new independent Caspian littoral states faced with the necessity to adopt their own strategies towards the development of the coastal territories including energy and transport infrastructure improvement. However, since the Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed water body, […]
April 13, 2017

Asya Avrupa No: 16

Merhabalar, Nisan 2017 sayımız ile karşınızdayız. Bu sayıda Kazakistan Cumhuriyeti Ankara Büyükelçiliğine 05.04.2017 tarihi itibariyle atanan Türk Dili Konuşan Ülkeler İşbirliği Konseyi (Türk Konseyi) eski genel sekreter yardımcısı sayın Abzal Saparbekulı ile Türk Keneşi ile ilgili yapılan röportaja yer veriyoruz. Türkiye, Azerbaycan, Kazakistan ve Kırgızistan’ın kurucu üyeliğiyle 2009 yılında, Türk […]
February 21, 2017

The Results of the Presidential Election in Turkmenistan and Strategic Priorities

On February 12, 2017, the fifth presidential election was held in Turkmenistan. According to the Central Election Commission of Turkmenistan, the turnout in the election was 97.27% or 3,140,865 of registered voters. Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedov was reelected as the President for the third time with 97.69% (3,068,311) of votes. The presidential […]
February 15, 2017

New Stage of the Turkmen Diversification Policy of Energy Export Routes

For the second consecutive year, Turkmenistan is facing the problem of decline in the amount of its natural gas customers. In 2017 Ashgabat reduced the list of its natural gas export routes down to one, namely, to China. In the early January 2016, the Russian state gas company Gazprom formally […]
February 13, 2016

Asya Avrupa No: 2

Merhabalar, Asya Avrupa dergimizin ilk sayısı beklenildiği gibi büyük takdir görmüştür. Bundan gerçekten büyük memnuniyet duyduk. Avrasya Bölgesiyle ilgili haberleri yorumlayarak veren ve periyodik analizler yapan bir dergi olarak bundan sonraki sayılarımızda da kaliteden ödün vermeden yayın faaliyetlerimize devam etmek arzusundayız. Bu sayımızda da yine çeşitli konularda 30’dan fazla haberi […]
February 9, 2016

A Brief Look at the Fiscal Management of the Economy of Turkmenistan

Among the Central Asian countries, Turkmenistan has grown significantly due to the high amount of natural resources, mainly hydrocarbons. After the breakup of the Soviet Union, having great natural gas deposits, Turkmenistan improved its economy by implementing structural reforms. However, since 2014, like the other Central Asian countries, Turkmenistan has […]
February 4, 2016

Is the Iran–Turkmenistan Gas Trade Coming to the End?*

Iran, according to the BP Statistical Review 2015, is currently placed first with 34 trillion cubic meters of gas reserves, followed by Russia (32.6 trillion cubic meters) and Qatar (24.5 trillion cubic meters).[i] Having possessed tremendous amount of gas, hypothetically, Iran can easily meet its both domestic needs and external gas […]
January 6, 2016

Is the Iran–Turkmenistan Gas Trade Coming to the End?

Iran, according to the BP Statistical Review 2015, is currently placed first with 34 trillion cubic meters of gas reserves, followed by Russia (32.6 trillion cubic meters) and Qatar (24.5 trillion cubic meters). Having possessed tremendous amount of gas, hypothetically, Iran can easily meet its both domestic needs and external […]