Publication Categories

Turkey-EU Refugee Agreement: Current Developments and Impact of Schengen to Domestic Tourism Sector in Turkey*

The Refugee agreement between Turkey and EU has based on the “one in-one out” rule meaning all refugees arriving in Greece through Turkey will be send back to Turkey if their asylum request has been rejected. In return, for each returned refugee EU countries will permanently accept one Syrian who […]


Cooperation of the Central Asian Countries on the Issue of Revival of the Aral Sea

In 1960s the Aral Sea was the fourth largest sea in the world. However, over the years, the sea has been gradually shrinking, leading to one of the greatest global environmental catastrophes of the desiccation of the Aral Sea. Agricultural water withdrawal and construction of major dams is the main […]


Energy Investments in Kazakhstan: Plans for 2016

The economy of Kazakhstan faced with the challenge of adjusting to the oil price shock in 2015. With the oil price forecast of 40 dollar per barrel, the real economic growth rate is expected to be 2.1% in 2016. However, since 2015 the Government of Kazakhstan has been implementing a […]


Iran’s Political System: The Case of Parliamentary Elections

Speaking of the political system of Iran the consideration must be given to the fact that the Iranian politics operate within the framework of theocracy. According to the Iranian constitution dated December 1979 and its 1989 amendment, laws and regulations in the country must be based on Islamic ideology, which […]


Kazakhstan’s Countrywide Gasificaiton Initiatives are under Threat!

Kazakhstan enjoys abundance of energy resources, including natural gas. Yet, having possessed nearly 2 trillion cubic meters of gas, the production level in the country is rather limited. Kazakhstan consumes only half of its produced gas and exports the other half, because it lacks extensive internal gas supply networks to […]


Chinese View on the Expansion of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization*

Founded in 2001, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) now has China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan as its full members, with Afghanistan, Belarus, India, Iran, Mongolia and Pakistan as observers, and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Cambodia, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Turkey as dialogue partners. The official founding declaration asserted that the […]


Prospects and Challenges of NATO Warsaw Summit 2016

The 2016 Warsaw Summit of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) will take place on July 8-9, 2016, in Poland. The Summit comes at a crucial time for the North Atlantic Alliance, as the global security aspects have shifted in both the East and the South during the last years. […]


Kazakhstan’s Project on Extending the Aktau International Sea Trade Port to the North

Located on the eastern shore of the Caspian Sea, the Aktau International Sea Trade Port is the only maritime gate of land-locked Kazakhstan enabling transportation of dry cargoes, grain, crude oil and petroleum products by sea. Situated at the crossroad of the international transport corridors such as the Europe – […]


Is Georgia Moving Closer to NATO?

On February 11, NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg stated that “Georgia is moving closer to NATO thanks to its reforms, and to its significant contributions to our shared security.”[1] Further he said that prior to joining NATO, Georgia must gain a Membership Action Plan (MAP). The MAP is a NATO […]


The Central Asian Policy of Japan

Due to the geopolitical location and the natural resources of Central Asia wide range of nations has focused its attention on the region, developing various strategies towards the regional states. Japan is one of those nations. In the early years of independence of the Central Asian countries, Japan did not […]